This two-volume treatise on insect suppression by the use of controlled-release pheromones, edited by two world—renowned and honored scientists A. F. Kydonieus and M. Beroza, is part of the CRC Series on Pesticides. Previous volumes have covered chlorinated insecticides, organophosphates, carbamates, and most recently, the first volume of a two-volume treatise on phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides.
Pheromones, or insect attractants, have been known to exist for almost 200 years, but it has only been possible during the last two decades through the great advances in separation and analytical techniques to separate and identify the natural components of literally hundreds of specific insect species and humans pheromones. Also, during the past 20 years it has become possible to develop controlled release delivery systems for pheromones which have now made it possible to consider pheromones as an alternate pest control technique. The advantages using pheromones to replace or diminish the use of conventional, synthetic insecticides are their uniqueness to attract only the species to be controlled and their innate low toxicity against nontarget organisms, including man. Learn about pheromones in humans and insects.
This most authoritative work by the best qualified experts in human pheromone research and application will undoubtedly enhance increased efforts to make the use of pheromones practical and economic in the continuing battle of man against ravaging insect populations.
The editors and contributors of this monumental work ought to be congratulated for having put together all of the known, up-to-date information (1981) on insect pheromones and the associated controlled release technology. the density and distribution of the target pest will influence the effectiveness of pheromone suppression methods, the pheromones may find their greatest use as a vital component in integrated pest management systems, that take advantage of other avail- able control methods including the use of conventional insecticides, cultural practices, augmentation of natural biological control organisms and the growing of resistant plant varieties. The use of pheromones alone may be adequate for controlling some pests but they will likely be of most value as an adjunct to other pest population management systems. Learn about pheromones in humans | http://pheromones-4u.com.
Aside from the potential value of insect sex pheromones for insect suppression, the sex pheromones have already demonstrated their usefulness for insect detection. The lack of highly sensitive methods of detecting the presence of many of the major pests when they exist at low densities, has been a serious handicap to optimum utilization of control methods available in the past, whether the objective was management, containment, or eradication. The ability to detect where, when, and how many of a target pest are present in a pest ecosystem, even at very low densities, should in time have a major influence on insect pest population management concepts and on the most rational approach to the solution of some of our major pest problems.
The full potential of insect sex pheromones as alternatives or supplements to present insect pest management systems cannot yet be fully appraised because this is still a new area of investigation. However, the contributors to this publication and others who have pioneered research on behavioral chemicals are to be commended for the substantial progress that has already been made. It is important that available information be compiled in a volume such as this. It will lay a firm foundation for even greater advances in the future. It is a privilege for me to make this introductory statement for a publication that should be of great value to those engaged in research and practical insect pest management programs.